Manual Oxygen Backup Device

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Oxygen is considered an important prophylactic and life-saving aid for medical patients when administered during procedures requiring anesthesia, as well as during patient recovery. In the developing world, hospitals often struggle to provide oxygen to their patients due to many reasons. One of the problems observed in the Ethiopian healthcare institutions is lack of electric power in the remote areas; there is also the problem of power interruptions during critical medical treatment even in big urban centers with hydroelectric power supply. These have got major repercussions in the clinical setting as patients in intensive care unit may die since they cannot survive without oxygen supply during this critical time. So, there is a need to develop a method that ensures back up of oxygen supply system even when electricity is interrupted. In practice, even the supply of oxygen has not been as effective as expected because there has never been an even distribution between developed and developing countries. Besides gaps in the availability of electric power has worsened the problem in a developing country like Ethiopia, leading to less access to the oxygen supply alternatives.

Some of the effects of this problem include:

  • Death of Patients due to lack of Oxygen Backup
  • Death of Patients due to power fluctuation though oxygen backup device exists
  • Unaffordable Oxygen Backup devices


  • Use aids in maintaining proper airway positioning and Provides no feedback to operator
  • Account for supporting oxygen intake and Aid in maintaining air ventilation

So, this is a device aimed at ensuring support for patients under weak intake of oxygen. Additionally, this device must be feasible for use in low resource settings in developing countries where there is no electric power.